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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



(See also previous section, NATIONAL REPORTS: CANADA, U.K., this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Sep. 1997.)

Item #d97sep38

International Energy Outlook 1997 (DOE/EIA-0484-97), U.S. Energy Information Admin., May 1997 (EIA). Full text available at

With existing international commitments to curtail emissions, global carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion may be 61% higher in 2015 than in 1990. If faster economic growth occurs, there could be an 87% increase. Even if industrialized countries stabilize emissions at 1990 levels or reduce them, global emissions will still increase from developing countries and those of the former Soviet Union and eastern Europe.

Item #d97sep39

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries, L. Schipper, M. Ting, 1997. A one-page summary appears in the Summer 1997 Center for Building Science News, Lawrence Berkeley Natl. Lab. (LBL). For more information contact Mike Ting, Energy Analysis Prog. (tel: 510 486 5916; fax: 510 486 6996; e-mail:, or see

Examines patterns of emissions arising from the end uses of energy (and electricity production) in ten industrialized countries. Surprisingly, emissions in many countries were lower in the early 1990s than in the 1970s, in absolute terms and per capita. However, the factors that reduced emissions in the past are not having the same effect now. This result raises important issues for the upcoming negotiations in Kyoto.

Item #d97sep40

WEC Survey of Carbon Dioxide Emissions 1990-96, World Energy Council, 1997. Published in the July 1997 issue of the twice-yearly WEC Journal (WEC). See also articles in Nature (p. 213, July 17, 1997) and Global Environ. Change Rep. (pp. 1-3, July 25).

Global CO2 emissions rose 2.7% from 1995 to 1996. The Asia-Pacific region contributed most at 5.5%; North America was up 3%. The European Union failed to maintain CO2 emissions below 1990 levels for the first time since 1992.

Item #d97sep41

Coal Information, Intl. Energy Agency, 740 pp., July 1997, $156 (OECD).

Gives extensive world statistics on coal demand, prices and trade. From 1995 to 1996, coal demand in the OECD countries of Europe dropped 2.5%, but rose 1.7% in the U.S. and 2.5% in Japan. Demand in major Asian countries showed annual increases of 4-7%.

Item #d97sep42

World Economic and Social Survey for 1997 (E.97.II.C.I), July 1997, $55 (U.N. Publications).

This year's annual publication includes a chapter on CO2 emissions emphasizing that the current commitments to reduce emissions, primarily by developed countries, will have little effect over the next decade or so because of strong growth in developing economies.

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