February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1997
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
"How To Make Kyoto a Success." Correspondence by D.G. Victor and
G.J. MacDonald ((IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria; e-mail:
email@example.com), and by M. Jefferson (World Energy Council, 34 St.
James's St., London SW1A 1HD, UK; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org),Nature,
389(6653), 777, Oct. 23, 1997.
Victor and MacDonald call for strict limits on industrial gases such as
SF6, perfluorocarbons, CF4, and C2F6, and for countries to implement the
laws, regulations and policies they must adopt to put international
commitments into place. Concerning emissions reductions, Jefferson warns
that although there is a huge potential for change over the next century,
we must be realistic about what can be achieved by 2005 or 2010.
"Student's Understanding of Climate Change: Insights for Scientists
and Educators," M.V.R. Gowda (Sci. & Public Policy Prog., Univ.
Oklahoma, 100 E. Boyd, Rm. S202, Norman OK 73019), J.C. Fox, R.D. Magelky,Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78(10), 2232-2240, Oct. 1997.
A survey of high school students' knowledge and attitudes about climate
change shows misconceptions including inflated estimates of temperature
change, confusion between ozone depletion and global warming, unwarranted
perception of warmer weather, and a belief that all environmentally
harmful acts cause climate change. Analysis shows these misconceptions
arise from low levels of information, reliance on the televised news
media, use of judgmental heuristics, confusion between weather and
climate, and "fuzzy environmentalism," wherein students perceive
disparate environmental harms as significantly interrelated. But the study
also reveals that students have a high level of trust in scientists and
teachers, suggesting that those individuals can help correct
misconceptions and ensure that people adopt effective environmentally
"Global Warming," M. Hulme (Clim. Res. Unit, Sch. Environ. Sci.,
Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.),Progress in Phys. Geog.,
21(3), 446-453, Sep. 1997.
An essay on some recent themes in climate change research. The growing
number of social scientists that are grappling with the social,
psychological and economic processes through which climate change may
alter human behavior is welcome, if only because it steers thinking away
from ideas of climatic determinism that some impact studies are in danger
of embracing. Newer, improved climate model simulations and paleoclimatic
data sets are needed before the detection of anthropogenic climate change
will be more robust.
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