February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 5, MAY 1997
BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS...
GENERAL INTEREST, POLICY & ECONOMICS
Argument in the
Greenhouse: The International Economics of Controlling Global Warming, N.
Maybe, S. Hall et al., 464 pp., Apr. 1997, $74.95 hbk./$24.95 pbk. (Routledge).
Incorporates key political and legal considerations into real-world applied
economic analysis, including costs, timing and degree of stabilization, tax
reform, and international agreements. Covers the developing and developed world,
identifying important, new policies to foster effective agreements.
The Heat Is On:
The High Stakes Battle over Earth's Threatened Climate, R. Gelbspan, May
1997, $23 (Addison-Wesley).
Expands on a theme from the author's 1995 article in Harpers
magazine. (See Global Climate Change Digest, PERIODICALS/OF GENERAL
INTEREST, Feb. 1996.) A handful of scientist-skeptics-most with ties to the coal
or oil industries-have convinced the public there is far more doubt about the
theory of global warming than really exists. The campaign is orchestrated by a
group of utilities and coal companies that want to target older, less-educated
men, and young, low-income women. The book is discussed in a Boston Globe
article (p. C1, Apr. 28, 1997), which includes responses from the skeptics
mentioned, and comments on their influence by other academics and researchers.
Policy Between Regulation and Market, C. Jeanrenaud, ca. 350 pp., 1997, $48
Traditional environmental policies that have relied on direct controls and
government investments have significant drawbacks. This book analyzes new
instruments (green taxes, tradeable permits, covenants, joint implementation,
tradeable quotas) for their cost effectiveness, their ability to achieve
environmental goals, and their public and corporate acceptability.
Illusion, C. Caufield, Ј20 (Macmillan).
Reviewed by D. Pearce ("Bankrolling the World," New Scientist,
p. 46, Mar. 29, 1997), who states that this book repeats much past criticism of
the World Bank's lending policies, but does not hint at solutions, possibly
because of the author's limited understanding of the basics of economic
development. Pearce presents a brief three-point analysis of principles of
State of the World
1997, L.R. Brown, C. Flavin et al., 229 pp., Jan. 1997, $13.95/Can.$17.99
(Norton, for Worldwatch Inst.). (See Global Climate Change Digest,
REPORTS/GENERAL INTEREST, Jan. 1997.)
Uncertainty and Environmental Problem Solving, J. Lemons, Ed., 433 pp.,
1996, Ј59.5 (Blackwell Science).
Reviewed by T. O'Riordan ("Play-Safe Politics," Nature,
pp. 499-500, Feb. 6, 1997). He calls it an excellent book that, through a
coherent set of essays, addresses the question: how far can science truly help
society when evidence is genuinely ambiguous, traditional disciplinary models
are unsatisfactory, and policy-makers want justification for expensive courses
of action that may disturb accepted social practices? The opening essay, by a
philosopher of science, characterizes four types of scientific uncertainty, and
argues that complex environmental issues may require that decisions be weighted
more towards ethics or presumed social consensus than is justified by data.
Other chapters address such topics as biodiversity, water resources, impact
assessment, risk management, law, and policy.
Environmental Policy: From the 20th Century to the 21st Century, Third Ed.,
L.K. Caldwell, with P.S. Welland, 504 pp., Nov. 1996, $59.95 hbk./$22.95 pbk.
(Duke Univ.). Expands and updates this comprehensive survey of the global
international movement for environmental protection. Serving as a history, the
book examines both governmental and nongovernmental international environmental
agreements and institutional arrangements, along with the impact of science,
technology, trade and communication. Identifies events and politics that have
affected this movement over the last 20 years and that will continue to affect
it into the next century.
Policy in an International Context. Vol. 3. Prospects for Environmental Change,
A. Blowers, P. Glasbergen, 256 pp., 1996, $40 (Wiley).
Looks at contemporary environmental issues from scientific, sociological,
political, legal, and economic perspectives. Covers such topics as sovereign
states and international regimes, nongovernmental organizations, business and
environmental policies, the European Union, North-South cooperation,
implementing environmental policies, and shaping the future of environment and
Environmental Change and Social Justice, F.O. Hampson, J. Reppy, Eds., 272
pp., 1996, $39.95 hbk./$16.95 pbk. (Cornell Univ.).
(See PROF. PUBS./GENERAL INTEREST & POLICY, Global Climate Change
Digest, Apr. 1997.)
Environmental Change-An Atmospheric Perspective, J. Horel, J. Geisler, 192
pp., Dec. 1996, $28.95 (Wiley).
This textbook focuses on how the atmosphere works as a global entity to
maintain a given global climate or an adequate ozone shield. Also includes a
guide to the Internet to help readers stay up to date in this field.
Reflections: Life Under a Thinning Ozone Layer, A. Nilsson, 200 pp., 1996,
Presents the state of knowledge about the effects of increases in UV
radiation on living organisms. Also looks at international policies aimed at
reducing ozone depletion, and implications for agriculture, ecosystems, and the
global population. A brief review in New Scientist (Mar. 1, 1997) calls
it "thoughtful, honest science writing."
Climate Change and
Human Society, I.D. Whyte, 217 pp., 1996, $58 hbk./$40 pbk. (Wiley).
An introduction to climate change and its impacts emphasizing how our
understanding of this topic has developed in recent years. Discusses present and
future policy measures.
Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives, T.W. Giambelluca, A.
Henderson-Sellers, Eds., 475 pp., 1996, $115/Ј65 (Wiley).
Aimed at readers from a variety of disciplines, this book tackles the issues
of the rights and aspirations of the developing world, the need to balance
ecology and economics, and the potential impact of policy on climate change.
Integrates climate modeling, ecological and human dimensions of climate change,
and policy implications.
Reviews of Previous Entries
General, Policy & Economics
The Global Warming
Debate: The Report of the European Science and Environment Forum, 1996, $30/Ј17
Reviewed by R.A. Vaughan (Intl. J. Clim., p. 455, Mar. 1997). The
articles in this book attempt to analyse the evidence and conclusions that have
been used to influence political decisions. The reviewer notes that the tenor is
emotive and stresses one side of the argument, but so has the establishment
lobby. Offers the views of some of the scientists who claim to have so far been
excluded from the IPCC because they question its findings. The reviewer
encourages people to read the book, even though they may not agree with its
conclusions, because no one should be afraid of healthy debate in science.
Science and Reason: How Anti-Environmental Rhetoric Threatens Our Future, P.
Ehrlich, A. Ehrlich, 335 pp., 1996 (Island Press).
Reviewed by M. Lewis (Issues in Sci. & Technol., pp. 82-84,
Winter 1996-97), who calls this the most important rejoinder to date to the "brownlash"
or contrarian view of anti-environmental writing. Also reviewed by N. Myers (BioScience,
pp. 182-183, Mar. 1997), who notes that the book is comprehensive in its
treatment of anti-environmental assertions, such as "global warming is a
fairy tale," and "ozone layer depletion not even a mini-deal," by
people such as Stephen Budiansky, Julian Simon, Rush Limbaugh, Dixy Lee Ray and
Gregg Easterbrook. Also reviewed by D. Orr (Climatic Change, Apr. 1997),
who calls the book a thorough and compelling refutation of the scientific errors
and misinformation dispersed by the contrarians.
How Many People
Can the Earth Support?, J.E. Cohen, 532 pp., 1995, $30/Ј22.5 (Norton).
Reviewed by K.R. Smith (Bioscience, pp. 59-60, Jan. 1997),
who concludes that although the book is worth reading, it is frustrating because
the author does not answer the title question. Much excellent research and work
went into this book that was still unfinished when it was published.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations