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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d97jan102

Delegates to the eighth Conference of Parties to the Montreal Protocol (San José, Costa Rica, Nov. 18-27, 1996) agreed to allocate $540 million over the next three years to the multilateral fund that assists developing nations phase out ozone-depleting chemicals. The amount is $40 million more than that recommended by the Protocol's Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, but short of the $800 million requested by developing countries. In addition, it includes some $74 million unused from the previous three-year allocation (most of which has not yet been paid by contributing nations). Nevertheless, the new allocation represents a substantial annual increase, at least on paper. Negotiators also took steps to deal with the growing problem of illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances. (See Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 1086-1089, Dec. 11, 1996, and pp. 1040-1041, Nov. 27; Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Dec. 13.) See also Reports/Ozone Depletion, this issue, and the following articles:

"Substitutes Flourish But Black Market Grows," Chem. & Industry, p. 821, Nov. 4, 1996.

"Smart Smugglers Outwit the CFC Cops," New Scientist, p. 4, Oct. 26.

"CFC Ban Beginning to Bite — U.S. Government Targets CFC Smugglers; Alternatives Finally Gaining Marketability," Chem. Eng. News, pp. 18-20, Sep. 16.

"Precision Cleaning Without Ozone Depleting Chemicals," Chem. & Industry, pp. 787-791, Oct. 21.

"Methyl Iodide Promising Substitute for Methyl Bromide" (feature report), Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, July 12.

"Firefighters Abandon Halons for Water...As Farmers Find a Fumigant That Doesn't Eat Ozone," New Scientist, p. 9, July 20.

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