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Item #d97apr47

Ice shelf rift: Cracks were discovered in the Larsen B Ice Shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula by researchers with the environmentalist group Greenpeace. Temperatures have been rising in that part of Antarctica. (See New Scientist, p. 11, Feb. 15, 1997; Nature, p. 566, Feb. 13; and articles on Antarctic ice sheet stability in PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS and PERIODICALS, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Apr. 1997.)

Item #d97apr48

Green taxes work is the conclusion of a detailed evaluation of Sweden's environmental taxes, which were phased in from 1984 onwards. The key to success is that the government used revenues to subsidize green investments. (See New Scientist, p. 6, Apr. 5, 1997.)

Item #d97apr49

Climate protection institute: Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Columbia University, with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, have created a new international research institute to provide early warning of El NiƱo and other types of climate variability that influence destructive weather patterns. It will gather a diverse group of natural and social scientists to translate climatological research into beneficial socio-economic strategies, and distribute climate predictions several months to a year in advance, to a global network of agencies and policymakers. For details see the April 1, 1997, Columbia University news release at

Item #d97apr50

Human dimensions research center: The National Science Foundation has selected the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University from among 52 applicants, to create and coordinate a new International Center for the Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change. The center will collaborate with a number of other groups in the U.S. and abroad. Contact the Department at Pittsburgh PA 15213 (tel: 412 268 2670; fax: 412 268 3757;

Item #d97apr51

U.S. Research priorities for the 21st century are the topic of a reader poll being conducted by Environmental Science & Technology. (See related article in PERIODICALS/GENERAL INTEREST, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Apr. 1997.)

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