February 28, 2007
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Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBERS 10-11, OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 1996
Policy Initiatives1995/96 Update. Vol. II. Selected Non-IEA Countries,
185 pp., Oct. 1996, $41/FF160/DM61 (IEA/OECD).
The International Energy Agency reviews actions that 20 non-IEA countries
are taking under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. Twelve have
economies in transition (Bulgaria, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Kaszkhstan,
Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russian Fed., Slovak Rep. and Uzbekistan);
the others are Argentina, China, India, Indonesia, Rep. of Korea, Mexico, South
Africa and Venezuela. These countries account for over a third of global
energy-related CO2 emissions and some are the largest CO2
emitters outside the IEA area. Also given are emissions per capita and per unit
GDP, and national energy situations (fuel mixes, recent emission trends etc.).
Short articles in ECOal,
Oct. 1996. ECOal is published by the World Coal Inst. Also contact IEA
"Are Realistic and Effective Emissions Targets and Timetables
Achievable?" pp. 1-3. Summarizes and discusses an address on energy and
climate change by Robert Priddle (IEA Executive Director), delivered at the
Second Session of the Conference of Parties (COP-2) to the UNFCCC. Highlights
some important realities that some COP-2 keynote addresses overlooked.
"Sunspot Activity and Global Climate," p. 4. In May, the Solar and
Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), a collaboration between NASA and the European
Space Agency, was launched to observed the Sun during the "quiet"
period of the 11-year sunspot cycle. In July at COSPAR, two Danish researchers,
E. Friis-Christensen and H. Svensmark, reported evidence from 1983-1990 data
that sunspot activity is the main controlling factor of temperature and climate
on the surface of the Earth.
"New Data Cast Doubt on Human 'Fingerprint,'" P. Michaels, p. 6.
Criticizes an article by Santer et al., published in Nature, July 4,
that reported a human fingerprint on the climate caused by the combination of
sulfate aerosols and greenhouse gases. However, if the full upper atmosphere
temperature record of Angell et al. is used, instead of the shorter record
published by Oort et al., no trend is found in the data.
"Is There a Discernible Human Influence on the Climate System?" G.
Weber, pp. 6-8. The addition of this statement to the IPCC's Second Assessment
Report has sparked controversy. Discusses whether this statement really gives a
better presentation of the science, as well as whether there really is a
human-caused impact on the climate system.
Economy of Climate Change Science: A Discernible Human Influence on Climate
Documents, R. Bate, 1996 (Inst. Econ. Affairs).
Provides insight into the recent controversy surrounding amendments made to
the IPCC's Second Assessment report.
Climate Change: A European Perspective, J. Jäeger, T. O'Riordan, Eds.,
Although most developed countries are unlikely to meet current CO2
emission stabilization goals, mechanisms being put in place nationally and
internationally will at least provide a framework for future mitigation actions.
The Climate Convention is being taken seriously in some national governmental
agencies, but there is no integrating focus coordinating all governmental
bodies. Climate policies would be more successful if they reinforced another
arena of policy where there is higher public and political profile.
and Synthesis Report of First National Communications, U.N. Framework Convention
on Climate Change, June 1996 (UNFCCC Secretariat).
An update of an earlier summary and review of national communications from
Annex I parties to the convention. It contains information on greenhouse gas
emissions and activities related to climate change for 36 parties, and benefits
from a more complete and comprehensive set of submissions. Includes information
from 21 detailed reviews of national plans based on country visits by expert
teams. Confirms many previous reports that indicate most developed countries are
unlikely to meet the target of stabilizing emissions at 1990 levels by the year
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