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Item #d95sep110

A turning point for model predictions is the way climatologist Tom Wigley describes recent results from Britain's Hadley Center climate model, which incorporates the effects of sulfate aerosols as well as greenhouse gases. (See Wigley comment in Nature, pp. 463-464, Aug. 10, 1995, and paper by Mitchell et al. on p. 501 of that issue, listed here (Sep. 1995 issue) in Prof. Pubs./Gen. Interest/Clouds and Aerosols.) The model results, which were first announced at the Berlin climate treaty meeting last spring (GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE DIGEST, p. 13, May, 1995), provide the most accurate simulation yet of observed global mean temperature trends.

Item #d95sep111

New publications: The premier issues of Global Change and World Climate Report are now in print. Global Change is available bimonthly at no charge from the University of Maryland's Center for Global Change; there is also an electronic edition on the World Wide Web. World Climate Report is published twice monthly for $75 a year from Western Fuels Association. (See Global Climate Change Digest, p. 13, June 1995, for details.)

Item #d95sep112

New national center: The National Science Foundation has selected the University of California at Santa Barbara as the home of the new National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. It will act as a clearinghouse for the dissemination of ecological data and give theorists, naturalists and experimentalists a common place to study the implications of global environmental change. (See Science, p. 1439, June 9, 1995.)

Item #d95sep113

"National Laboratories Enter New Era of Hope Mixed with Uncertainty," W. Lepkowski, Chem. Eng. News, pp. 19-25, Aug. 14, 1995. A lengthy analysis of the funding cuts and restructuring faced by Argonne National Laboratory and eight other U.S. Department of Energy facilities.

Item #d95sep114

"Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Scaled Back," L.R. Ember, ibid., pp. 18-23. A feature article that discusses how the U.S. EPA is striving to put its program to study environmental status and trends on a more solid scientific footing, in response to outside criticism by science advisors and the National Research Council, and to budgetary realities. A revised program is undergoing interagency review.

Item #d95sep115

"Utility Restructuring Threatens DSM and Renewable Programs," Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, June 23, 1995. The move toward greater competition in the electric utility industry, first proposed in the Energy Policy Act of 1992, is reducing the incentives for utilities to fund demand-side management (DSM) or energy efficiency programs, or to utilize renewable energy sources. This analysis discusses approaches needed in the future that would be more suited to the new competitive environment. Utility investment for CO2 reduction projects may be hardest hit becasue they lack a constituency.

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