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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d95may1

"Reducing Global Warming—The Role of Rice," H.-U. Neue (Intl. Rice Res. Inst., POB 933, 1099 Manila, Philippines), L.H. Ziska et al., GeoJournal, 35(3), 351-362, Mar. 1995.

Rice crop models were used to predict the effects of climate change on rice production if CO2 levels were doubled. Different countries showed different effects; in Southeast Asia, increased CO2 leads to increased rice yield, while increased temperature decreased yield. Data are still insufficient to determine the effect of increased UV-B from stratospheric ozone depletion under field conditions. Also discusses the effect of rice cultivation on global warming through methane emissions.

Item #d95may2

"Modeling Human-Induced Climatic Change: A Summary for Environmental Managers," E.W. Sulzman (Clim. Sys. Model. Prog., UCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), K.A. Poiani, T.G.F. Kittel, Environ. Mgmt., 19(2), 197-224, Mar.-Apr. 1995.

Discusses the use of GCM-based scenarios of climate change, and recommends their use in conjunction with water resource and ecosystem models to guide environmental management and policy, either in a no-regrets framework or as part of a precautionary approach to natural resource protection.

Item #d95may3

"Predictions of Cloud and Aerosol Effects on Global Warming Using a One-Dimensional Radiative-Convective Model," T.B. Cobb (Bowling Green State Univ., Bowling Green OH 43403), J.A. Schumacher et al., World Resour. Rev., 7(1), 140-154, Mar. 1995.

Educators, particularly those in the sciences, are often called upon to explain global warming and to provide guidance for public policy development. However, it is unreasonable to expect the average educator to have the detailed understanding of atmospheric science and computer modeling. Educators need understandable, PC-compatible, user-friendly computer models that are sufficiently realistic to provide reasonable answers. This paper illustrates uses of a simple climate model (MacKay and Khalil) that should be helpful.

Item #d95may4

"Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity and the Environment," K. Arrow (Dept. Econ., Stanford Univ., Stanford CA 94305), B. Bolin et al., Science, 268(5210), 520-521, Apr. 28, 1995.

A report of the Second Aksö Meeting (Aug. 1994), organized by the Roy. Swed. Acad. Sci. et al. Discusses the relation between economic growth and environmental quality, and the link between economic activity and the carrying capacity and resilience of the environment. Concludes that economic liberalization and other policies that promote gross national product growth are not substitutes for environmental policy, and may need to be accompanied by stricter policy reforms. Economic growth is not the main issue; what matters most is the content of growth (the composition of inputs and outputs). Economic institutions should provide the right incentives for protecting the resilience of ecological systems.

Item #d95may5

"Methane Fluxes from Artificial Wetlands: A Global Appraisal," F. Mudge (Ctr. Social & Econ. Res. on the Global Environment, Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), W.N. Adger, Environ. Mgmt., 19(1), 39-55, Jan.-Feb. 1995.

Presents a revised estimate of global emissions from the production of rice and coarse fibers that is higher than those of many previous studies which had systematically underestimated fluxes from tropical countries. As population increases, the demand for rice will rise. Strategies based on improved water and fertilizer use will allow increased rice production and yields, and will reduce methane flux.

Item #d95may6

"Identifying Regional Goals and Policy Concerns Associated with Global Climate Change," Y. Yin (Atmos. Environ. Serv., 4905 Dufferin St., Downsview ON M3H 5T4, Can.), S.J. Cohen, Global Environ. Change, 4(3), 246-260, Sep. 1994.

Uses analytic hierarchy process and goal programming to systematically build a bridge between science and policy in a regional climate change impact study, and applies it to Canada's Mackenzie Basin.

Item #d95may7

"Land Use, North-South Trade, Deforestation and Atmospheric Carbon Interactions," D.W. Jones (Energy Div., Bldg. 4500N, MS-6205, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., POB 2800, Oak Ridge TN 37831), R.V. O'Neill, Resour. & Energy Econ., 15(4), 353-370, 1993.

Models carbon interactions, assuming a single industrial (carbon releasing) region producing only a manufactured good, and one agricultural region producing a homogeneous agricultural good. Studies the effects of carbon release from manufacturing and from agricultural land clearing on agricultural production (through elevated CO2). Other factors influencing the carbon budget are population changes, costs of retarding carbon releases, and the strength of the relationship between atmospheric carbon concentration and agricultural production.

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