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Item #d95jan94

"Satellite Analysis of the Severe 1987 Forest Fires in Northern China and Southeastern Siberia," D.R. Cahoon Jr. (NASA-Langley, Hampton VA 23665), B.J. Stocks et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D9), 18,627-18,638, Sep. 20, 1994.

Determined overall trace gas emissions from these fires using a satellite-derived estimate of the area burned in combination with fuel consumption figures and carbon emission ratios for boreal forest fires.

Item #d95jan95

"Trends in South American Biomass Burning Detected with the GOES Visible Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer Atmospheric Sounder from 1983 to 1991," E.M. Prins (Coop. Inst. Meteor. Satellite Studies, Madison WI 53706), W.P. Menzel, ibid., 99(D8), 16,719-16,735, Aug. 20, 1994.

The amount of burning detected, during two-week periods at the peak of the burning season, nearly doubled in the selva (forest) and mixed regions, and tripled in the cerrado (grassland).

Item #d95jan96

"An Ice-Core-Based Record of Biomass Burning in the Arctic and Subarctic, 1750-1980," S. Whitlow (Inst. Earth, Oceans & Space, Univ. New Hampshire, Durham NH 03824), P. Mayewski et al., Tellus, 46B(3), 234-242, July 1994.

Records from ice cores from Greenland and the Yukon provide evidence that NH4+ spikes originate from biomass burning events. The Greenland records are characterized by increased spike frequency from 1790 to 1810 and from 1830 to 1910. The latter time coincides with a period of increased biomass burning documented in the historical fire records for northern North America.

Item #d95jan97

"North African Savanna Fires and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide," S.F. Iacobellis (Scripps Inst. Oceanog., La Jolla CA 92093), R. Frouin et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D4), 8321-8334, Apr. 20, 1994.

Modeling results demonstrate the strong remote effects of African biomass burning which, due to the general circulation of the atmosphere, are felt as far away as South America.

Item #d95jan98

"Methane Production from Global Biomass Burning," W.M. Hao, D.E. Ward, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D11), 20,657-20,661, Nov. 20, 1993. (See Global Climate Change Digest, Jan. 1994.)

Specialized Papers

Item #d95jan99

Two items from J. Geophys. Res., 99(D6), June 20, 1994:

"Influence of Plumes from Biomass Burning on Atmospheric Chemistry over the Equatorial and Tropical South Atlantic During CITE 3," M.O. Andreae (M. Planck Inst. Chem., POB 3060, D-6500 Mainz, Ger.), B.E. Anderson et al., 12,793-12,808.

"Tracer Redistribution by Clouds in West Africa: Numerical Modeling for Dry and Wet Seasons," M. Renard (LAMP/OPGC, Univ. Blaise Pascal, 63177 Aubiere cedex, France), N. Chaumerliac et al., 12,873-12,883. Biomass burning during the dry season is shown to be an important source of tracer enrichment at upper levels in the atmosphere.

Item #d95jan100

"Measurements of Trace Gases Emitted by Australian Savanna Fires During the 1990 Dry Season," D.F. Hurst (Dept. Chem., Univ. Wollongon, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia), D.W.T. Griffith et al., J. Atmos. Chem., 18(1), 33-56, Jan. 1994.

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