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Item #d95dec62

"Infectious Diseases and Global Warming: Tracking Disease Incidence Rates Globally," N.C. Low (Low & Associates Actuary, 20125 Bader Circle, Cerritos CA 90703), World Resour. Rev., 7(3), 386-402, Sep. 1995.

There is no global database system to monitor infectious disease to which global data of climate change and other environmental factors can be calibrated, investigated and correlated. Discusses the importance of choosing the correct measure of disease morbidity. Proposes establishing such a database and discusses the infrastructure and data sources for building it.

Item #d95dec63

"Global Atmospheric Change and Human Health: More than Merely Adding up the Risks," W.J.M. Martens (Dept. Math., Univ. Limburg, POB 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Neth.), J. Rotmans, O.J. Vrieze, ibid., 404-416.

Large-scale environmental disturbances may become important factors in human health. Changes in climate, stratospheric ozone and air pollution are interrelated, may be synergistic, and may be superimposed on changes in socioeconomic development and population growth. Describes an integrated modeling framework to assess changes in public health under various environmental conditions, yield insights into the complex interrelations, and develop strategies for sustainable development.

Item #d95dec64

"Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases: A Global Modelling Perspective," W.J.M. Martens (address ibid.), T.H. Jetten et al., Global Environ. Change, 5(3), 195-209, June 1995.

Uses general circulation model scenarios of climate change to assess potential changes in areas vulnerable to malaria and schistosomiasis. The transmission potential of both diseases is very sensitive to climate changes on the periphery of the present endemic areas and at higher altitudes within the areas. The health impact will be most pronounced in populations living is the less economically developed temperate areas in which endemicity is low or absent.

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