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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d95apr26

"Environmental Policies and Their Effects on Utility Planning and Operations," B.F. Hobbs (Dept. Systems, Control & Indus. Eng., Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland OH 44106), P. Centolella, Energy, 20(4), 255-271, Apr. 1995.

Classifies policy options, then explores how various policies can affect a utility's choice among emission dispatch, fuel switching, and resource options. Policies that appear to be very different can yield similar and efficient outcomes.

Item #d95apr27

Special issue: "Do Renewables Have a Future?" Electricity J., 8(2), Mar. 1995 (1501 Western Ave., S. 100, Seattle WA 98101; 206 382 0195).

"The Future of Renewable Energy Industries," M. Silverman (Sch. Bus., San Francisco State Univ., San Francisco CA 94132), S. Worthman, 12-31. Urges support for renewable energy industries for the sake of jobs, energy security, the environment and international competitiveness.

"Catching a Steady Breeze: Putting Wind Power to Work on Utility Systems," M.C. Brower, M.W. Tennis (Union of Concerned Scientists), 32-41. Discusses wind resources in the Midwest and the reliability of wind power.

"You've Got to Pay to Play: Photovoltaics and Transaction Costs," D. Berry, 42-49. Market institutions can foster supply- and demand-side entrepreneurship, but major barriers persist, primarily in applications by the utility sector.

"Moving Photovoltaics from the Lab to Utility Application," B.K. Farmer (Pacific Gas & Electric Co.), 50-55. Field research is leading to better quality, lower costs and shorter lead times.

"Integrated Resource Planning with Renewable Resources," D.M. Logan, C.A. Neil et al., 56-66. With progress in modeling, there will be a move away from interim solutions and toward analysis of the specifics of a utility's situation.

Item #d95apr28

"Impacts of Climatic Change on Renewable Energy in Sweden," L. Lundahl (Dept. Environ. Syst. Studies, Univ. Lund, Gerdagatan 13, S-223 62 Lund, Swed.), Ambio, 24(1), 28-32, Feb. 1995. Argues for further utilization of renewable resources in Sweden; climate change scenarios indicate that hydropower and biomass potentials would increase considerably there.

Item #d95apr29

Two items from Energy, 20(1), Jan. 1995:

"A Reconsideration of Effect of Energy Scarcity on Economic Growth," N.D. Uri (USDA Econ. Res. Serv., 1301 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20005), 1-12. There is a suggestion that only for crude oil (not other fuels) has resource scarcity affected economic growth in the U.S. from 1889-1992.

"Electricity End-Use Efficiency: Experience with Technologies, Markets, and Policies Throughout the World," M.D. Levine (Energy Anal. Prog., MS 90-4000, Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), J.G. Koomey et al., 37-61. Describes a small number of market failures that limit acceptance of efficient technologies in both industrialized and developing countries. Reviews policies and incentives to overcome these failures.

Item #d95apr30

"The Expected Greenhouse Benefits from Developing Magma Power at Long Valley, California," J. Haraden (149 Eleventh St., Del Mar CA 92014), Intl. J. Energy Res., 19(1), 13-17, Jan. 1995.

Estimates the expected mass and expected discounted value of reduced CO2 emissions, both of which are substantial.

Item #d95apr31

"Who Can Improve Energy Efficiency in the U.S.-Government or Market Forces?" (see Global Climate Change Digest, February 1995).

Item #d95apr32

Three items on energy efficiency constitute the Nov. 1994 issue of Environment, 36(9), Nov. 1994:

"Improving Energy Efficiency: Making a 'No Regrets' Option Work," (see Global Climate Change Digest, p. 1, Jan. 1995).

"Renewable Energy Technology: An Urgent Need, a Hard Sell," K.L. Kozloff (World Resour. Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006), 4-9, 25-31. Because competition is the biggest hurdle for the advancement of renewable energy, the U.S. needs a national strategy to promote alternative technologies.

"A Bright Future: Energy Efficiency Programs at Electric Utilities," E. Hirst (Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831), 10-15, 31-36. Energy efficiency or demand-side management programs encourage electric utility customers to reduce or better time their electricity use.

Item #d95apr33

Correspondence on the health risks of energy saving, Nature, 372, (6504), 327, Nov. 24, 1994.

Item #d95apr34

"The Energy Efficiency 2000 Project and Energy-Efficiency Demonstration Zones in Eastern and Central Europe," F. Romig (U.N. Econ. Comm. Europe, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switz.), Nat. Resour. Forum, 18(4), 287-292, Nov. 1994. The introduction of energy-efficient technologies used in western countries could cut energy losses in eastern Europe by half.

Item #d95apr35

Two items from Intl. J. Energy, Environ., Econ., 2(4), 1994:

"25 Claims Compared to Realities of the DOE's Fusion Energy Program," B.C. Maglich (USA-Russia Univ.-Indus. Res. Consortium SAFE, c/o Univ. California, Irvine CA 92717), 249-269.

"Energy and Environment in Third World Cities: A Framework for Analysis and Policy Development," J. Leitmann (World Bank, 1818 H St. NW, Washington DC 20433), 305-330. Focusing on the urban sector, reviews the structure of energy use; the environmental dimensions of fuel supply; the impacts of energy consumption on health, the economy and the environment; and approaches for choosing solutions.

Item #d95apr36

"Income Distribution Effects of Electric Utility DSM Programs," R.J. Sutherland (Argonne Natl. Lab., 955 L'Enfant Plaza N., SW S. 6000, Washington DC 20024), Energy J., 15(4), 103 ff., Oct. 1994.

A 1990 survey shows that conservation measures are undertaken more often by high-income households than by low-income households, and that electricity use in 1990 was not significantly less for households in utility programs than for nonparticipants. Utility programs are not avoiding the costs of constructing new generating facilities, but are transferring wealth, particularly to high income participating households.

Item #d95apr37

"Is Britain a Third World Country? The Case of German Refrigerators," H. Herring (Energy & Environ. Res. Unit, Open Univ., Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK), Energy Policy, 22(9), 779-787, Sep. 1994. The lack of an effective labelling scheme in the U.K. leads to the dumping there of inefficient overseas models.

Item #d95apr38

"Environmentally Responsible Energy Pricing," W.K. Viscusi (Dept. Econ., Duke Univ., Durham NC 27706), W.A. Magat et al., Energy J., 15(2), 23-42, Apr. 1994.

Pursuit of a 'no regrets' policy of full social cost energy pricing raises the same concerns as proposals to address climate change, but to a lesser degree. Any such estimates incorporate substantial uncertainty. The value to society of scientific and economic research that improves the environmental information base may be considerable.

Specialized Papers

Item #d95apr39

"The EPA's Protocols for Verifying Savings from Utility Energy-Conservation Programs," A. Meier (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), B. Solomon, Energy, 20(2), 105-115, Feb. 1995.

Item #d95apr40

"Accounting for Technical Progress in Aggregate Energy Demand," C.T. Jones, Energy Econ., 16(4), 245-252, Oct. 1994.

Item #d95apr41

"Macroeconomic Responses to Oil Price Increases and Decreases in Seven OECD Countries," K.A. Mork (Norwegian Sch. Mgmt., POB 580, N-1301 Sandvika, Norway), O. Olsen, H.T. Mysen, Energy J., 15(4), 19-34, Oct. 1994.

Item #d95apr42

"Energy Policies for Energy Efficiency in Office Equipment: Case Studies from Europe, Japan and the USA," C.B. Dandridge (Mass. Inst. Technol., Rm. 4-209, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge MA 02139), J. Roturier, L.K. Norford, Energy Policy, 22(9), 735-747, Sep. 1994.

Item #d95apr43

"The Effects of Energy Taxes on the Kenyan Economy: A CGE Analysis," H.H.H. Semboja (Dept. Econ., Univ. Gothenburg, Viktoriagatan 30, S411 25, Gothenburg, Swed.), Energy Econ., 16(3), 205-215, July 1994.

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