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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d94nov69

"Energy Consumption in Hong Kong," J.C. Lam (Dept. Bldg. & Constr., City Polytech. Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong), A.K.W. Ng, Energy, 19(11), 1157-1164, Nov. 1994.

Reviews energy consumption and economic growth from 1979 to 1991. Calculates primary and final energy consumption for the industrial, commercial, residential and transport sectors and for export of electricity to China. Discusses issues relating to energy conservation in buildings.

Item #d94nov70

"Effects of Climate Change on Commercial Building Energy Demand," M.J. Scott (Pacific Northwest Lab., MS K8-15, POB 999, Richland WA 99352), L.E. Wrench, D.L. Hadley, Energy Sources, 16(3), 317-332, July-Sep. 1994.

Most studies have employed aggregated utility models and have found that a 1·C increase in global temperature would produce about a 2% decrease in heating requirements, and comparable increases in cooling requirements. The one significant exception is a German study that used the DOE2 building energy model on a prototype commercial building, and determined that the increase in cooling requirements would be somewhat larger particularly in more humid parts of the United States, an effect that can be overcome through design.

Item #d94nov71

"Structural Changes and Energy Consumption in the Japanese Economy 1975-85: An Input-Output Analysis," X. Han, T.K. Lakshmanan (Ctr. Energy & Environ. Studies, Boston Univ., 675 Commonwealth Ave., Boston MA 02215), The Energy J., 15(3), 165-188, July 1994.

Model results suggest that changes in final demand structure contribute more to reducing the energy intensity of the economy than do changes in technology.

Item #d94nov72

"Energy Use in Poland: An International Comparison," S. Meyers (Energy & Environ. Div., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), L. Schipper, J. Salay, Energy, 19(6), 601-617, June 1994.

Data for 1988 and 1991 show that Poland's comparatively high energy intensities in manufacturing and residential space heating, and the energy-intensive structure of manufacturing, are the reasons that energy use per capita in Poland is not much below Western European levels, despite Poland's much lower GDP per capita.

Item #d94nov73

Two items from Energy Policy, 22(6), June 1994:

"Divergences in Manufacturing Energy Consumption Between the North and the South," S.-H. Park (Studies & Res. Branch, U.N. Industrial Develop. Org., Vienna, Austria), W.C. Labys, 455-469. An increase in industrial output in developed countries has accompanied a decline in energy consumption, due to a shift toward less energy-intensive high technology industries, the emergence of the service sector, and the adoption of energy conservation measures.

"Energy Use and CO2 Emissions in the West and Central African Region," A.O. Adegbulugbe (Ctr. Energy Res. & Develop., Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife, Nigeria), G.A. Oladosu, 499-508. Currently energy consumption in the region is very low, but a two-scenario analysis for the period 1985-2025 indicates that energy requirements will grow rapidly. Calculates the corresponding CO2 emissions.

Item #d94nov74

"Efficient Energy Use and Well Being--The Swedish Example After 20 Years," L. Schipper (Intl. Energy Studies, Lawrence Berkeley Lab., 4000 Bldg. 90, Berkeley CA 94720), L. Price, Natural Resour. Forum, 18(2), 125-142, May 1994.

Reviews the evolution of Swedish energy use to shed light on the future, emphasizing the role of energy efficiency. Between 1973 and 1989, improvements in end-use energy efficiency saved 8% of primary, and 24% of delivered energy use, yet Sweden had achieved less savings than several other industrialized countries. At the beginning of the 1990s Sweden had one of the most energy intensive economic structures of the OECD, and now faces many dilemmas that will influence future energy use.

Item #d94nov75

"Rural Energy Resources: Applications and Consumption in China," F. Zhen (Ctr. Rural Technol. Develop., State Sci. & Technol. Comm, POB 199-2, Beijing 10036, China), Energy Sources, 16(2), 229-239, Apr.-June 1994.

Knowledge of rural energy resources (like firewood, manure, small hydropower, small coal mines, solar energy and human and animal power), and their applications and consumption is of great importance to making policies and suggestions to develop the rural economy, to raise farmers' living level, to improve the ecology, and to modernize agriculture. Reviews these points and government policies for rural energy development.

Specialized Papers

Item #d94nov76

"Energy Consumption by Industrial Processes in the European Union," E. Worrell (Dept. Sci., Technol. and Society, Utrecht Univ., Padualaan 14, NL-3584 CH Utrecht, Neth.), R.F.A. Cuelenaere et al., Energy, 19(11), 1113-1129, Nov. 1994.

Item #d94nov77

"Calculating the Energy Requirements of Household Purchases: A Practical Step-by-Step Method," B.C.W. van Engelenburg (addr. immed. above), T.F.M. van Rossum et al., Energy Policy, 22(8), 648-656, Aug. 1994.

Item #d94nov78

"New Gross Energy-Requirement Figures for Materials Production," E. Worrell (addr. immed. above), R.J.J. van Heijningen et al., Energy, 19(6), 627-640, June 1994.

Item #d94nov79

"Potentials and Costs of Renewable Sources of Energy in the Federal Republic of Germany," M. Kaltschmitt (Inst. Energy Econ., Univ. Stuttgart, Hessbrühlstr. 49, POB 801140, D70565 Stuttgart, Ger.), Energy Sources, 16(2), 185-193, Apr.-June, 1994.

Item #d94nov80

Three items from Energy Econ., 16(2), Apr. 1994:

"Decomposition of Industrial Energy Consumption: Some Methodological and Application Issues," B.W. Ang (Dept. Industrial & Sys. Eng., Natl. Univ. Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 0511), S.Y. Lee, 83-92.

"Sources of Change in Industrial Electricity Use in the Taiwan Economy, 1976-86," C.-Y. Chen (Natl. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan 70101, Rep. China), R.-H. Wu, 115-120.

"The Impact of Measurement Error in the Data on Estimates of the Agricultural Demand for Electricity in the USA," N.D. Uri (Econ. Res. Serv., USDA, Washington DC 20250), 121-131.

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