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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d94may116

Two items in J. Geophys. Res., 99(D4), Apr. 20, 1994:

"Features and Effects of Aerosol Optical Depth Observed at Mauna Loa, Hawaii: 1982-1992," E.G. Dutton (CMDL, NOAA, 325 Broadway, Boulder CO 80303), P. Reddy et al., 8295-8306.

"Estimation of Surface Albedo from Space: A Parameterization for Global Application," Z. Li (CCRS, 588 Booth St., Ottawa ON K1A 0Y7), 8335-8350.

Item #d94may117

Three items from J. Clim., 7(4), Apr. 1994:

"On the Observed Near Cancellation Between Longwave and Shortwave Cloud Forcing in Tropical Regions," J.T. Kiehl (NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), 559-565.

"Estimations of Cloud Optical Thickness from Ground-Based Measurements of Incoming Solar Radiation in the Arctic," E. Leontyeva, K.H. Stamnes (Geophys. Inst., Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks AK 99775), 566-578.

"Impact of Clouds on the Shortwave Radiation Budget of the Surface-Atmosphere System for Snow-Covered Surfaces," S. Nemesure, R.D. Cess (Mar. Sci. Res. Ctr., State Univ. New York, Stony Brook NY 11794) et al., 579-585.

Item #d94may118

"Radiation Energy Budget Studies Using Collocated AVHRR and ERBE Observations," S.A. Ackerman (CIMSS, Univ. Wisconsin, 1255 W. Dayton St., Madison WI 53706), T. Inoue, J. Appl. Meteor., 33(3), 370-378, Mar. 1994.

Item #d94may119

Two items from Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., 120(515), Jan. 1994 Pt. A:

"Studies of the Radiative Properties of Ice and Mixed-Phase Clouds," Z. Sun, K.P. Shine (Dept. Meteor., Univ. Reading, 2 Earley Gate, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 2AU, UK), 111-137.

"On the Reflectance of Cellular Cloud Layers," P.R. Jonas (UMIST, POB 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK), 221-229.

Item #d94may120

"Cloud Diabatic Forcing of the Atmosphere, Estimated from Simultaneous ECMWF Diabatic Heating and ISCCP Cloud Amount Observations," P. Siegmund (Roy. Neth. Meteor. Inst., POB 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, Neth.), J. Clim., 6(12), 2419-2433, Dec. 1993.

Item #d94may121

"On the Sampling of Airborne Measurements of Radiative Properties of Cloud Fields: Results from International Cirrus Experiment (ICE), 1987," F.Y.P. Lee (Air Serv. Group, Environ. Protec. Dept., Hongkong), E. Raschke, Theor. Appl. Clim., 48(2-3), 115-125, 1993.

Item #d94may122

Three items from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D11), Nov. 20, 1993:

"Seasonal Variation of Surface and Atmospheric Cloud Radiative Forcing over the Globe Derived from Satellite Data," S.K. Gupta (Lockheed Eng. & Sci. Co., 144 Research Dr., Hampton VA 23666), W.F. Staylor et al., 20,761-20,778.

"Coupled Surface-Atmospheric Reflectance (CSAR) Model: 1. Model Description and Inversion on Synthetic Data," H. Rahman (UMC 00010/CNES/CNRS, 18 Av. Edouard-Belin, F-31055 Toulouse, France), M.M. Verstraete, B. Pinty, 20,779-20,789.

"...2. Semiempirical Surface Model Usable with NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Data," H. Rahman (addr. immed. above), B. Pinty, M.M. Verstraete, 20,791-20,801.

Item #d94may123

"A General Solution for Stochastic Radiative Transfer," K.F. Evans (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins CO 80523), Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(19), 2075-2078, Oct. 8, 1993. Developed a new method for computing the mean outgoing radiation field from any stochastic ensemble of cloud structure.

Item #d94may124

"Improved Angular Directional Models for Clear Sky Ocean Derived from Earth Radiation Budget Satellite Shortwave Radiances," R. Dlhopolsky (Inst. Phys., GKSS Forschungszentrum, Postfach 1160, D-2054 Geesthacht, Ger.), R.D. Cess, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D9), 16,713-16,721, Sep. 20, 1993.

Item #d94may125

"University of Wisconsin Cirrus Remote Sensing Pilot Experiment," S.A. Ackerman (Coop. Inst. Meteor. Satellite Stud., Madison WI 53706), E.W. Eloranta et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74(6), 1041-1049, June 1993.

Item #d94may126

"An Accurate Parameterization of the Radiative Properties of Water Clouds Suitable for Use in Climate Models," Y.X. Hu (Geophys. Inst., Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks AK 99701), K. Stamnes, J. Clim., 6(4), 728-742, Apr. 1993.

Item #d94may127

"Global Climatologies of Solar Radiation Budgets at the Surface and in the Atmosphere from 5 Years of ERBE Data," Z. Li (Can. Ctr. Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa ON H3A 2K6, Can.), H.G. Leighton, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D3), 4919-4930, Mar. 20, 1993.

Item #d94may128

"Atmospheric Light Absorption: A Review," H. Horvath (Inst. Exper. Phys., Univ. Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, Vienna, Austria), Atmos. Environ., 27A(3), 293-317, 1993.

Item #d94may129

Two items from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D2), Feb. 20, 1993:

"Shortwave Cloud-Radiative Forcing at the Top of the Atmosphere at the Surface and of the Atmospheric Column as Determined from ISCCP C1 Data," I. Laszlo (Dept. Meteor., Univ. Maryland, College Pk. MD 20742), R.T. Pinker, 2703-2713.

"A k Distribution Method Considering Centres and Wings of Atmospheric Absorption Lines," H.-D. Hollweg (Max Planck Inst. Meteor., Bundesstr. 55, W-2000 Hamburg 13, Ger.), 2747-2756.

Item #d94may130

"Radiative Forcing Due to Ozone in the 1980s: Dependence on Altitude of Ozone Change," M.D. Schwarzkopf (GFDL, POB 308, Princeton NJ 08542), V. Ramaswamy, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(3), 205-208, Feb. 5, 1993.

Item #d94may131

"Arctic Sea Ice Albedo: A Comparison of Two Satellite-Derived Data Sets," A.J. Schweiger (CIRES, Univ. Colorado, Boulder CO 80309), M.C. Serreze, J.R. Key, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(1), 41-44, Jan. 8, 1993.

Item #d94may132

"Effects Due to Cloud Geometry on Biases in the Albedo Derived from Radiance Measurements," T. Kobayashi (Meteor. Res. Inst., Nagamine, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan), J. Clim., 6(1), 120-128, Jan. 1993.

Item #d94may133

"Entropy and Climate. I: ERBE Observations of the Entropy Production of the Earth," G.L. Stephens (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins CO 80523), D.M. O'Brien, Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., 119(509), 121-152, Jan. 1993, Part A.

Item #d94may134

"Arctic Cloudiness: Comparison of ISCCP-C2 and Nimbus-7 Satellite-Derived Cloud Products with a Surface-Based Cloud Climatology," A.J. Schweiger (CIRES, Univ. Colorado, Boulder CO 80309), J.R. Key, J. Clim., 5(12), 1514-1527, Dec. 1992.

Item #d94may135

Two items from J. Clim., 5(11), Nov. 1992:

"Annual Cycle of Radiation Fluxes over the Arctic Ocean: Sensitivity to Cloud Properties," J.A. Curry (Prog. Atmos. Oceanic Sci., Univ. Colorado, Boulder CO 80309), E.E. Ebert, 1267-1280.

"The Effect of Cloud Type on Earth's Energy Balance: Global Analysis," D.L. Hartmann (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Washington, Seattle WA 98195), M.E. Ockert-Bell, M.L. Michelsen, 1281-1304.

Item #d94may136

"Global Relationships Among the Earth's Radiation Budget, Cloudiness, Volcanic Aerosols, and Surface Temperature," P.E. Ardanuy (Res. & Data Sys. Corp., 7855 Walker Dr., S. 460, Greenbelt MD 20770), H. L. Kyle et al., J. Clim., 5(10), Oct. 1992.

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