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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
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Item #d94may39

Two items in Intl. Environ. Affairs, 6(1), Winter 1994:

"The Pilot Program to Conserve the Brazilian Rainforests," G.J. Batmanian (World Wildlife Fund), 3-13. Outlines a program developed by the government of Brazil, the World Bank and the Commission of the European Community and supported by the G-7 nations, and makes recommendations.

"A Proposed Debt-for-Nature Swap in Madagascar and the Larger Problem of LDC Debt," M. Tucker (Dept. Finance, Fairfield Univ.), 59-68. Examines the impact of inflation on the potential life of the project's funding. Realistic negotiations between debtors and creditors or a new international agency are needed to relieve the less-developed countries of their debt burden and protect the global environment.

Item #d94may40

"Sustaining the Forests: The Community-Based Approach in South and South-East Asia," M. Colchester (World Rainforest Movement, 8 Chapel Row, Chadlington OX7 3NA, UK), Devel. & Change, 25(1), 69-100, Jan. 1994.

In rural areas, the dominance of international and national policies over local input in decision making leads to increasing poverty, social conflict and deforestation.

Item #d94may41

"Getting to the Roots of Forest Loss: Lessons from Indonesia," C.V. Barber (World Resources Inst., 1709 New York Ave., Washington DC 20006), N.C. Johnson, Environ. Sci. Technol., 28(1), 32A-34A, Jan. 1994.

Policy making should include regional-scale management, increased access to information, and participation down to the local level, by all interested parties.

Item #d94may42

"Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: The Effect of Population and Land Tenure," P.M. Fearnside (Dept. Ecol., Natl. Inst. Res. Amazon (INPA), Caixa Postal 478, 69011-970 Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil), Ambio, 22(8), 537-545, Dec. 1993.

In 1991 only 30% of forest clearing was done by small farmers. The social cost of reducing deforestation rates is less than that claimed when poverty is blamed for all deforestation.

Item #d94may43

"The Logic of Livestock and Deforestation in Amazonia," S.B. Hecht (Grad. Sch. Planning, Univ. Calif., Los Angeles CA 90032), BioScience, 43(10), 687-695, Nov. 1993.

Analyzes the logic and economics of livestock production by evaluating the various means of making profits from the land and natural resources.

Item #d94may44

"Rain Forest Entrepreneurs: Cashing in on Conservation," T.A. Carr (Econ. Dept., Middlebury Coll., Middlebury VT 05753), H.L. Pedersen, S. Ramaswamy, Environment, 35(7), 12-15, 33-38, Sep. 1993. Gives three examples of Latin American companies that have proven that sustainable development can be profitable.

Item #d94may45

"Sustainability of Siberian Forests," S. Nillson (IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria), Environ. Conserv., 20(2), 177, Summer 1993.

Describes a program to analyze the state of the forests, assess their biospheric role in regard to global warming, and identify strategies for sustainable development.

Item #d94may46

Three items from ibid., 20(1), Spring:

"Tropical Forests: The Main Deforestation Fronts," N. Myers (Upper Meadow, Old Rd., Headington, Oxford OX3 8SZ, UK), 9-16. Fourteen fronts represent 43% of tropical moist-forest deforestation. Stresses the need for documentation and monitoring of the fronts, and anticipating new fronts so that preventive measures can be applied.

"A Revisionist View of Tropical Deforestation and Development," M.R. Dove (East-West Ctr., 1777 East-West Rd., Honolulu HI 96848), 17-24, 56. Blames deforestation not on overexploitation by forest dwellers, but on forces in the broader society that take over resource development and restrict the forest dwellers' ownership of existing resources.

"Incentives for Private Forestry: The Case of the Republic of Ireland," G. Gairdner (2 Broadsteps, Old Rd., Harbertonford, Devon TQ9 7TD, UK), 50-55. Reports on renewed interest in private-sector plantations to relieve pressure on natural forest. The example of Ireland shows the complexity and high cost of reconciling production and environmental goals.

Item #d94may47

"Sustainable Management of Trees and Tree Resources: The Significance of Practices and Technologies," M. Omosa (Inst. Develop. Stud., Univ. Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya), World Resour. Rev., 4(4), 480-490, 1992.

Attributes rapid deforestation to conflict between socio-cultural factors and operating policy. Suggests that rural development should build on existing knowledge and beliefs.

Item #d94may48

"Plants and People of the Amazonian Rainforests: The Role of Ethnobotany in Sustainable Development," B.C. Bennett (Inst. Econ. Bot., New York Botanical Garden, Bronx NY 10458), BioScience, 42(8), 599-606, Sep. 1992.

Discusses indigenous plant use, the effects of indigenous management on rainforests, and the role of interrelations between humans and plants in sustainable development.

Item #d94may49

"Some Organizing Principles in the Valuation of Tropical Forests," R. Godoy (Inst. Intl. Develop., Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA 02138), For. Ecol. & Mgmt., 50(1-2), 171-180, July 15, 1992. Offers principles for economic evaluation, and discusses how improper evaluation leads to misallocation of resources.

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