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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999




Item #d94mar26

Two items in Energy, 19(2), Feb. 1994:

"Cost-Efficient Emission Reduction Strategies for Lithuania," C. Oder (Inst. Industrial Production, Univ. Karlsruhe, Hertzstr. 16, D-76187, Karlsruhe, Ger.), H.-D. Haasis et al., 149-163. Lithuania is faced with developing a new energy system as a result of political changes in 1991. An energy-flow optimization model with environmental modules developed by the Commission of the European Communities is applied. Examines constraints concerning investments and fuel imports in hard currency.

"Global Energy Strategies to Control Future Carbon Dioxide Emissions," Y. Sinyak (IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria), K. Nagano, 227-236. Simulates technical, economic, social and cultural changes determining future energy use and their environmental impacts through 2050, using two scenarios: one following a "dynamic-as-usual" pattern, the other using enhanced energy-efficiency improvements and conservation. The consequences of various policy options in energy supply and demand were evaluated for different approaches to greenhouse-gas-abatement energy policy.

Item #d94mar27

"Assessing the Impact of CO2 Emission Control Scenarios in Finland on Radiative Forcing and Greenhouse Effect," R. Korhonen (Tech. Res. Ctr., POB 208, SF-02151 Espoo, Fin.), I. Savolainen, J. Sinisalo, Environ. Mgmt., 17(6), 797-805, Nov.-Dec. 1993.

Used three alternative carbon cycle models to predict how radiative forcing caused by CO2 emissions would change under various emission reduction scenarios.

Item #d94mar28

"Regional Differences in Emissions Reduction Opportunities: Policy Implications," C.J. Andrews (Wilson Sch., Princeton Univ., Princeton NJ 08544), Energy Policy, 21(10), 1011-1024, Oct. 1993.

Applies a simple system-level emissions model to electric utilities to show that best emission reduction strategies differ across pollutants and regions. Policy makers should recognize regional differences in existing power generation capacity.

Item #d94mar29

"Global Warming and Urban Smog: Cost-Effectiveness of CAFE Standards and Alternative Fuels," A.J. Krupnick (Resources for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036), M.A. Walls, C.T. Collins, Energy J., 14(4), 75-100, Oct. 1993.

Estimates that substituting compressed natural gas for conventional gasoline is a more cost-effective method of reducing greenhouse emissions than increasing the CAFE standard, or substituting methanol or reformulated gasoline.

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