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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999




Item #d94mar61

Two items from Energy Policy, 22(1), Jan. 1994:

"Energy Policies for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries," K.L. Abdalla (U.N. Econ. & Soc. Comm. for Western Asia, POB 927124, Amman, Jordan), 29-36. Short-term policies, such as conservation, tend to be energy-specific; long-term policies involve resource development and use. Economic and institutional barriers may impede the effectiveness of policies.

"Reducing Gasoline Use: A Multipronged Approach," M.E. Norman (Ctr. Energy & Environ., Univ. Pennsylvania, Meyerson Hall, Philadelphia PA 19104), 37-39. A combination of gasoline tax, attribute-based CAFE standards, and other measures such as alternative fuels and public transit could be very effective.

Item #d94mar62

"District Heating Systems and Energy Conservation--Part II," L. Gustavsson (Dept. Environ. Studies, Lund Univ., Gerdagatan 13, S-223 62 Lund, Swed.), Energy, 19(1), 93-102, Jan. 1994.

The impact of energy conservation in a Swedish system between 1978 and 2010 on the use of district-heat production is estimated with an end-use approach. Cogeneration with biomass and energy conservation will strongly reduce CO2 emissions compared to the use of fossil fuels without conservation.

Item #d94mar63

"When 'Least-Cost' Is Wrong," R.L. Borlich, Public Util. Fortnightly, 27-32, 34, Jan. 1, 1994.

Proposes a cost-benefit test based on maximizing the customers' net economic benefits, taking into account external costs such as those from adverse environmental impacts.

Item #d94mar64

"Renewable-Energy Paradox in Paradise: A Case Study of Hawaii," V.D. Phillips (College Tropical Agriculture, Univ. Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu HI 96822), A.V. Chuveliov, P.K. Takahashi, Appl. Energy, 47(4), 299-339, 1994.

Gives a comprehensive economic analyis of two energy scenarios in Hawaii through the next century: "business-as-usual" based on fossil fuels, and one based on indigenous, renewable sources.

Item #d94mar65

"Energy, Cost, and Carbon Dioxide Optimization of Disaggregated, Regional Energy-Supply Systems," H.-M. Groscurth (Inst. Energy Econ., Univ. Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-7000 Stuttgart 80, Ger.), Th. Bruckner, R. K├╝mmel, Energy, 18(12), 1187-1205, Dec. 1993.

Describes two models that predict the optimum combination of energy conservation options to reduce energy input and CO2 emissions.

Item #d94mar66

"Two items from Energy Policy, 21(11), Nov. 1993:

"Prospects for the Power Sector in Nine Developing Countries," S. Meyers (Intl. Energy Stud. Group, Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), N. Goldman et al., 1123-1132. Improvements in supply and end-use efficiency are less expensive than adding generating capacity. Utilities should incorporate non-utility generation and demand-side management into their plans.

"How to Get the Birds in the Bush into Your Hand: Results from a Danish Research Project on Electricity Savings," L. Nielsen, 1133-1144. Investigates opportunities and barriers for electricity conservation, and finds that lifestyle, as well as socioeconomic characteristics, are important to consumption and conservation.

Item #d94mar67

Two items from Energy Econ., 15(4), Oct. 1993:

"Market Barriers to Energy Efficiency," R.B. Howarth (Environ. Stud. Bd., Univ. California, Santa Cruz CA 95064), B. Andersson, 262-272. Lack of information and transaction costs may prevent consumers from purchasing the most efficient devices. Such market barriers suggest a role for regulatory intervention to improve market performance at prevailing energy prices.

"Conceptual Energy and Environmental Problems of Economic Policy in the Former USSR," A.S. Nekrasov (Inst. Econ. Forecasting RAS, 32 Krasikova Str., Moscow 117418, Russ.), 273-284. Conservation is the best option to ensure stabilization of energy production in the near future. Energy and the environment are important components of current economic policies.

Item #d94mar68

"Historical Responses to Environmental Externalities in Electric Power," T.R. Curlee (Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., MS 6205, Oak Ridge TN 37831), Energy Pol., 21(9), 926-936, Sep. 1993.

The use of economic incentives to achieve environmental objectives will require careful evaluation and communication of the pros and cons, and the willingness of policy makers and the public to appreciate the benefits and tolerate the compromises.

Item #d94mar69

Section on demand-side management (DSM), Publ. Util. Fortnightly, May 1, 1993:

"A Bright Idea for Industry," C. Bartsch, D. Devaul, 16, 18, 52-53. New legislation promotes partnerships between utilities and industry to find and implement energy efficiency improvements.

"A Losing Proposition for Customers," D.A. Houston, 17, 19, 54-55. Government-subsidized DSM programs for industry will be detrimental to market development and to other energy consumers.

"All in the Family," M. Jacobson, C.D. Alford, 20-21, 23. DSM life cycle models can help utilities anticipate the types of planning, implementation, evaluation tools, and data needed.

"Charge It," J.P. Pfeifenberger, D.M. Weinstein, 24-26. An example shows how financing programs can reduce undesirable rate effects, allocate DSM costs equitably, and maintain high DSM participation rates.

Specialized Papers

Item #d94mar70

"The Effects of an Increase in the Motor Fuels Excise Tax on the U.S. Economy," R. Boyd, N.D. Uri (Commodity Econ. Div., Econ. Res. Serv., U.S. Dept. Agric., 1301 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20005), Energy, 19(2), 211-226, Feb. 1994.

Item #d94mar71

"Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings," K.B. Janda (Energy Analysis Prog., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), J.F. Busch, Energy, 19(1), 27-44, Jan. 1994.

Item #d94mar72

Two items from Energy, 18(11), Nov. 1993:

"Quantifying Regulatory Disincentives to Utility DSM Programs," E. Hirst (Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., POB 2008, Oak Ridge TN 37831), E. Blank, 1091-1105.

"An Integrated Resource Planning Model Considering Customer Value, Emissions, and Regional Economic Impacts," D.T. Hoog (Synergic Resour. Corp., 111 Presidential Blvd., Bala Cynwyd PA 19004), B.F. Hobbs, 1153-1160.

Item #d94mar73

"An Econometric Analysis of Residential Expenditures on Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources," J.E. Long (Dept. Econ., Auburn Univ., 415 W. Magnolia-Rm. 203, Auburn AL 36849), Energy Econ., 15(3), 232-238, Oct. 1993.

Item #d94mar74

Two items from Energy J., 14(4), Oct. 1993:

"Another Look at U.S. Passenger Vehicle Use and the 'Rebound' Effect from Improved Fuel Efficiency," C.T. Jones (Coll. Bus. & Publ. Affairs, Murray State Univ., Murray KY 42071), 99-110.

"Irreversible Price-Induced Efficiency Improvements: Theory and Empirical Application to Road Transportation," I.O. Walker (OPEC Secretariat, Obere Donaustr. 93, A-1020 Vienna, Austria), F. Wirl, 183-205.

Item #d94mar75

Two items from Energy Econ., 15(3), July 1993:

"An Evaluation of the Effects of the Tax on Refined Petroleum Products in the Philippines," N.D. Uri (Econ. Res. Serv., USDA, Washington, D.C.), R. Boyd, 154-165.

"Least Cost Selection of Energy Conservation Measures for Regulated Gas Utilities," V.A. Greenberg (Energy Info. Adminis., US DOE, Washington, D.C.), S.L. Harshbarger, 166-175.

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