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Item #d94jul8

Three related items concerning the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in Environment, 36(6), July-Aug. 1994:

"Paying the Incremental Costs of Global Environmental Protection: The Evolving Role of GEF," A. Jordan (Sch. Environ. Sci., Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK) 12-20, 31-36. An extensive analysis of the pilot phase of the GEF and how it led to restructuring for the second phase, worked out this spring between donor and recipient countries. The second phase is a test of how well governments can collaborate in pursuit of globally sustainable development, which can only be built upon mutually beneficial political bargains for the countries of the North and South.

Review of Report of the Independent Evaluation of the Global Environment Facility Pilot Phase, D. Fairman (Dept. Political Sci., Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), 25-30. A lengthy review presented at the Dec. 1993 GEF participants' meeting, which showed that the GEF's institutional structure and operating procedures have prevented it from reaching most of its goals. Recommends changes.

Commentary on the previous two articles by M.T. El-Ashry, Chairman of the GEF, with responses by the articles' authors, 37-39.

Item #d94jul9

"Incrementality and Additionality: A New Dimension to North-South Resource Transfers?" A. Jordan (Sch. Environ. Sci. Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), J. Werksman, World Resour. Rev., 6(2), 178-197, June 1994.

Reviews the emergence in international environmental politics of these two terms, which describe the additional resources required from developed countries to help developing countries meet the incremental costs of responding to global environmental problems. Examines the theoretical and practical difficulties of defining and implementing the concepts, and assesses whether conflicting opinions can be resolved.

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