February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1994
Fingerprints for the Detection of Time-Dependent Climate
Change," K. Hasselmann (M. Planck Inst. Meteor., Bundesstr.
55, D-2000 Hamburg 13, Ger.), J. Clim., 6(10),
1957-1971, Oct. 1993.
Derives an optimal linear filter (fingerprint) for detection
of a given time-dependent, multivariate climate change signal in
the presence of natural climatic variability.
from J. Clim., 6(9), Sep. 1993:
"EOF Analysis of Surface Temperature Field in a
Stochastic Climate Model," K.Y. Kim (ARC Technologies, 305
Arguello Dr., College Sta. TX 77840), G.R. North, 1681-1690. The
natural variability of surface temperature in different frequency
bands in the model is studied using theoretical orthogonal
functions, a technique expected to be useful in estimation,
prediction and detection studies.
"Nonstandard Thermometer Exposures at U.S. Cooperative
Weather Stations During the Late Nineteenth Century," M.
Chenoweth (Dept. Geog., Univ. Reading, White Knights, Reading,
Berkshire, U.K.), 1787-1797. Based on a survey of exposure
practices and other information, estimates a positive average
annual temperature bias of 0.2-0.3·C for the years prior to the
Climate Change Using the Global Positioning System," L.L.
Yuan (Stanford Univ., Stanford CA 94305), R.A. Anthes et al., J.
Geophys. Res., 98(D8), 14,925-14,937, Aug. 20, 1993.
Demonstrates that trends in global atmospheric temperature and
moisture could be monitored by monitoring the delay in the
propagation of global positioning system radio signals between
satellites and receivers.
Temperature Trends in the Arctic: 1958-1986," J.D.W. Kahl
(Dept. Geosci., Univ. Wisconsin, POB 413, Milwaukee WI 53201),
M.C. Serreze et al., ibid., 98(D7), 12,825-12,838,
July 20, 1993.
Based on an extensive analysis of rawinsonde data, concludes
that greenhouse-induced warming is not detectable in the Arctic
for the 1958-1986 period.
from J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 71(3), June 1993:
"Trends and Interannual and Interdecadal Variations of
Global Land Surface Air Temperature," T. Nitta (Ctr. Clim.
Sys. Res., Univ. Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153, Japan), J.
Yoshimura, 367-375. Data from eight sub-regions spanning 110
years were analyzed using spectrum analysis for dominant
characteristics in various intervals of the record.
"Detection of Long-Term Trend, Cyclic Variation and
Step-Like Change by the Lepage Test," T. Yonetani (Nat. Res.
Inst. Earth Sci., Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan), 415-418.
Statistical simulations show the Lepage test has potential for
statistical climate change research.
Cooling' of the Upper Atmosphere," R.G. Roble (High Altitude
Observ., NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), Eos, pp.
92-93, Feb. 23, 1993.
A brief review stressing the need for measurements of the
present structure of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, to
permit the identification of possible future trends.
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Index of Abbreviations