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Item #d94feb94

Canada's National Report on Climate Change, 144 pp., 1994, no charge. Enquiry Ctr., Environ. Canada, Ottawa ON K1A 0H3 (tel: 819-997-2800; fax: 819-953-2225).

This comprehensive, initial assessment incorporates many of the responses from non-governmental stakeholders solicited through November 1993. Additional measures are needed if Canada is to meet its climate change objectives: stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2000, and making progress toward further reductions by the year 2005. Describes measures already in progress designed (for instance) to increase energy efficiency and enhance carbon sinks in forestry and agriculture. Discusses adaptation to climate change, further actions needed, public awareness and involvement, international cooperation.

Item #d94feb95

Global Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System, U.S. Off. Technol. Assessment, Dec. 1993. Order document #052-003-01358-4 from U.S. Govt. Printing Off., POB 371954, Pittsburgh PA 15250 (202-783-3238).

This background paper concludes that the U.S. Global Change Research Program in its present form will not be able to provide decision makers with the information they will need to respond to climate change. The program should include comprehensive, periodic assessments of scientific knowledge as well as findings on the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of climate change. Funding of large projects such as the satellite-based Earth Observing System should not come at the expense of other, possibly more cost-effective measurements. Discusses the impact of fragmented funding by different subcommittees of Congress.

Item #d94feb96

Global Environment Facility: The following are two new working papers in a series dealing with the costs of measures taken by developing countries under the climate and biodiversity conventions (GCCD, Jan. 1994), available at no charge from the GEF Administrator, Environ. Dept., World Bank, 1818 H St. NW, Washington DC 20433 (tel: 202-473-1053; fax: 202-477-0551).

The Cost-Effectiveness of GEF Projects, (Working Paper 6), D. Anderson, R.H. Williams, 34 pp., Dec. 1993. Addresses such issues as the costs of carbon emissions (or their reduction) and implications for project appraisal; appropriate discount rates to be used in comparing costs, considering intergenerational costs as well as cost-effectiveness; estimates of the costs of innovation; national vs. global benefits.

A Review of Country Case Studies on Climate Change (Working Paper 7), J. Fuglestvedt et al. (Ctr. for Intl. Climate & Energy Res., Oslo), 61 pp., Jan. 1994. Examines ways of improving current approaches to country studies, drawing on experience to date and stressing the importance of comparability. Comparisons of ecological and economic efficiency are essential in determining the eligibility of projects for GEF funding.

Item #d94feb97

Global Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions, P.C. Stern, O.R. Young, D. Druckman, Eds., 301 pp., 1992, $29.95. Natl. Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC 20418 (800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313).

Presents the conclusions of a National Research Council committee, representing geography, economics, law, anthropology, sociology and psychology, that was charged with determining how to better understand the causes of global environmental change and the means of reducing it through institutional reform and altered attitudes and behavior. Discusses needed research, and improved coordination among social scientists. (Reviewed by T. O'Riordan in Intl. Environ. Affairs, pp. 140-142, Spr. 1993.)

Item #d94feb98

Obtain the following from ACEEE (Amer. Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy), 2140 Shattuck Ave., S. 202, Berkeley CA 94704 (510-549-9914):

Cost-Effective Carbon Dioxide Reduction Initiatives, H. Geller et al., 29 pp., 1993, $6. Proposes 10 national energy-efficiency initiatives and analyzes resulting savings in energy and CO2 emissions. Some are included in the Clinton Administration's Climate Change Action Plan.

Structuring an Energy Tax So That Energy Bills Do Not Increase, H. Geller et al., 23 pp., 1993, $6. Shows that energy bills could decline if about 15% of the revenues from a broad-based energy tax are spent on efficiency programs.

Item #d94feb99

The following 1993 working papers are available from CSERGE (Ctr. Social & Econ. Res. on the Global Environ.), Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK (tel: 0603/593176, ext. 2642; fax: 0603/250588). Most are Ј5 or $9:

Intergenerational Discounting: Public Choice and Empirical Evidence for Hyperbolic Discount Rates, N. Henderson, I. Bateman, 35 pp.

The Fourth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol: Report and Reflection, I.H. Rowlands, 36 pp.

Heterogeneous International Environmental Agreements, S. Barrett, 32 pp.

North-South Transfers, and the Capture of Global Environmental Value, D. Pearce, C. Bann, 47 pp.

Global Warming Economics: Issues and State of the Art, S. Fankhauser, 67 pp.

Interpreting the Precautionary Principle, T. O'Riordan (Ј2 or $4).

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