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Item #d94Aug7

Two items from Nature, 370(6488), Aug. 4, 1994:

"The Eleven-Year El Niño?" M.J. McPhaden (Marine Environ. Lab., NOAA, 7600 Sand Pt. Way NE, Seattle WA 98115), 326-327. Discusses research questions raised by the following paper.

"Decade-Scale Trans-Pacific Propagation and Warming Effects of an El Niño Anomaly," G.A. Jacobs (Naval Res. Lab., Stennis Space Ctr., Bay St. Louis MS 39529), H.E. Hurlburt et al., 360-363. Presents evidence from modeling and observations that planetary-scale oceanic waves, generated by reflection of equatorial shallow-water waves from the American coasts during the 1982-83 El Niño, have crossed the North Pacific and a decade later rerouted the Kuroshio Extension current off Japan. These changes may have influenced weather patterns over North America during the past decade, and demonstrate that the effect of El Niño events can be long-lived.

Item #d94Aug8

"Global Change Detection," M.R. Allen (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Chilton OX11 0QX, UK), C.T. Mutlow et al., ibid., 370(6484), 24-25, July 7, 1994.

Presents an extension and statistical analysis of results of an earlier study of satellite-observed global temperature by Christy and McNider (GCCD, p. 3, Mar.). The failure to detect a significant trend in the data excludes warming rates at the upper end of the range projected by climate models, but should not be regarded as conclusive evidence that no warming is taking place.

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