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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999




Item #d94apr16

"Reviewed papers from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in conjunction with the Oxford Environment Conference (Oxford, U.K., July 1993), are published in Global Environ. Change, 4(1), Mar. 1994, and Food Policy, 19(2), Apr. 1994. The papers summarized below are from the Global Environ. Change issue, which focuses on the distributional impacts of a changing climate and the different levels and sources of vulnerability. Those in Food Policy (listed here by title and author only) address the regional and global context of future food security in a changing environment. Single copies of these companion issues are available for Ј39 and Ј46 respectively (U.K.) or Ј41 and Ј48 (rest of the world) from Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK (fax: +44 (0)865 310898).

Item #d94apr17

"Climate Change and World Food Security," R.S. Chen (CIESIN, 2250 Pierce Rd., Univ. Center MI 48710), R.W. Kates, 3-6. Introductory editorial.

Item #d94apr18

"Climate Change and World Food Supply, Demand and Trade: Who Benefits, Who Loses?" G. Fischer (Food & Agric. Project, IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria), K. Frohberg et al., 7-23.

Summarizes findings of a major interdisciplinary research project by scientists in 25 countries. Used crop models and linked, national food system models to address socio-economic impacts through the year 2060. In all scenarios considered, relative agricultural productivity changes in favor of developed countries.

Item #d94apr19

"Climate Change and Agricultural Trade: Who Benefits, Who Loses?" J. Reilly (Econ. Res. Serv., U.S. Dept. Agric., Washington, D.C.), N. Hohmann, S. Kane, 24-36.

Finds that the direct impact of climate change on yield, the global effect on commodity prices, and the export/import status of a country determine the economic winners and losers. The high degree of uncertainty should be a critical consideration in adaptation policies.

Item #d94apr20

"Climate Change and Social Vulnerability: Toward a Sociology and Geography of Food Insecurity," H.G. Bohle (Inst. Cultural Geography, Univ. Freiburg, Freiburg, Ger.), T.E. Downing, M.J. Watts, 37-48.

Uses a theory of the social vulnerability of food insecurity based on explanations in human ecology, expanded entitlements and political economy to describe the risk of exposure to harmful perturbations, ability to cope with crises, and potential for recovery. Illustrates with an example from Zimbabwe.

Item #d94apr21

"Implications of Policies to Prevent Climate Change for Future Food Security," N.J. Rosenberg (Pacific Northwest Lab., 901 D St. SW, S. 900, Washington DC 20024), M.J. Scott, 49-62.

Speculates how the wide range of measures proposed to mitigate climate change might differentially alter agriculture in developed and developing countries, and how these changes might affect food security. Measures that increase demands for water and land pose the greatest threats to food security.

Item #d94apr22

"Climate Change and Food Security: Agriculture, Health and Environmental Research," V.W. Ruttan (Dept. Agric. & Appl. Econ., Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis MN 55455), D.E. Bell, W.C. Clark, 63-77.

Broadly interpreted, food security includes the income and resources required to purchase a household's food and the health required to use the food provided. To meet environmental changes underway at the global level, more effective links must be made among the agricultural, environmental and health sciences, and between the suppliers of knowledge and technology and the users.

Item #d94apr23

Titles from Food Policy, 19(2), Apr. 1994:

"Editorial: Climate Change and Food Security," T. Downing, M. Parry.

"World Food Security: Trends and Prospects," R. Chen, R. Kates.

"Trends in Global Agriculture," P. Crosson, J. Anderson.

"Multiple Threats to Regional Food Production," D. Norse.

"Agricultural Policy and Climate Change in Mexico," D. Liverman, K. Appendini.

"Environment and Refugees: Political Interventions and Responses," J. McGregor.

"Multiple Impacts of Climate Change in Southern Africa," C. Magadza.

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