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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d93jul1

Special Issue: "Long-Term Strategies for Mitigating Global Warming," N. Nakicenovic (IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria), A. GrĂ¼bler et al., Energy, 18(5), 401-609, May 1993.

Reviews technological options for mitigating CO2 emissions, including efficiency improvements, clean fossil and zero-carbon energy technologies, carbon sequestration and disposal, enhancement of natural carbon sinks, and geo-engineering measures to compensate for increases in CO2 emissions. Compares options on the basis of costs, reduction potentials, timing and other criteria. Discusses methodological issues, and trade-offs and constraints for implementing mitigation strategies.

Item #d93jul2

"Tropical Deforestation and Habitat Fragmentation in the Amazon: Satellite Data from 1978 to 1988," D. Skole (Inst. Earth Oceans Space, Univ. New Hampshire, Durham NH 03824), C. Tucker, Science, 260(5116), 1905-1910, June 25, 1993.

Sets of Landsat images taken one decade apart were used to measure deforestation, fragmented forest, and edge effects of adjacent deforestation. Deforestation in the Amazon Basin increased from 78,000 to 230,000 square miles from 1978 to 1988, corresponding to a rate roughly one-half that of other recent estimates. However, effects on biodiversity were found to be greater than previously thought.

Item #d93jul3

"Behind the Scenes: How Policy Making in the European Community, Japan and the United States Affects Global Negotiations," R. Vernon (Intl. Affairs, Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA 02138), Environment, 35(5), 12-20, 35-43, June 1993.

Analyzes the policy making processes in the respective nations to shed light on their negotiating styles and probable positions in the international environmental arena.

Item #d93jul4

"UNCED: Mileposts along the Road from Rio," M.A. Levy (Dept. Policy & Intl. Affairs, Princeton Univ., Princeton NJ 08544), ibid., 4-5, 43-45.

A detailed survey of events and achievements since the Earth Summit, including the roles of nongovernmental organizations and the Global Environment Facility. Lists specific important documents generated.

Item #d93jul5

"Comparing Greenhouse Gases for Policy Purposes," R. Schmalensee (Ctr. Energy & Environ. Policy Res., Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), The Energy J., 14(1), 245-256, 1993.

Presents an economic approach for the proper comparison of the discounted marginal damages of emissions from different gases, which is necessary for deriving optimal policies for greenhouse gas emission control but is not the basis for the commonly used greenhouse warming potential.

Item #d93jul6

Special Section: Agricultural Research, BioScience, 43(7), July-Aug. 1993. Two of the articles pertain to climate change:

"International Agricultural Research for the Next Century," D.L. Plucknett (Consultative Group on Intl. Agric. Res. (CGIAR), Washington, D.C.), 432-440. Discusses the work of CGIAR, comprising 18 centers including a newly formed Centre for International Forestry Research, and its increased emphasis on sustainable natural resource management.

"Methane Emission from Rice Fields," H.-U. Neue (Soil & Water Div., Intl. Rice Res. Inst., Manila, The Philippines), 466-474. A combination of feasible technologies should stabilize or reduce methane emissions while increasing rice production.

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