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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d93jan7

"Persistence of Energy Savings: What Do We Know and How Can It Be Ensured?" E.L. Vine (Energy Anal., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), Energy, 17(11), 1073-1984, Nov. 1984.

Presents a conceptual framework for analyzing the persistence of energy and demand savings, summarizes what little we know, provides guidance for conducting persistence studies, and suggests strategies for ensuring persistence.

Item #d93jan8

"Energy Taxes," A.L. Alm (Sci. Applic. Intl. Corp.), Environ. Sci. Technol., 26(11), 2087, Nov. 1992. A comment advocating a broad-based energy tax that would help the U.S. budget deficit and address environmental goals.

Item #d93jan9

Two items from Energy, 17(10), Oct. 1992:

"Long-Term Global Energy Supplies with Acceptable Environmental Impacts," S.S. Penner (Dept. Appl. Mech., Univ. Calif.-San Diego, La Jolla CA 92093), J. Haraden, S. Mates, 883-899. Discusses uncertainties of cost comparisons of potential environmental damages of fossil fuel combustion, and evaluates present U.S. funding for energy technology research. Future funding should be based on a perceived public need and include advantages for the private sector in international competition.

"Opportunity Costs of CO2," R. Kümmel (Phys. Inst., Univ. Würzburg, D-8700 Würzburg, Ger.), 901-906. Estimates, using 1981 data from Germany, the minimum external costs of CO2 emissions for an economy which stagnates between the years 1981 and 2030 and then has to halve its energy input because of global warming. Results imply a minimum range for an immediate energy tax of 26% to 108% of total energy expenditures; proceeds would support energy conservation and the development of nonfossil sources.

Item #d93jan10

"Long-Term Macroeconomic Estimate of Energy Consumption," O.A. Eismont (Inst. Sys. Studies, Acad. Sci., 9 Prospect 60 Let Octyabrya, 117312 Moscow, Russia), Energy Econ., 14(4), 271-273, Oct. 1992.

Attempts to determine from a macroeconomic viewpoint the economic feasibility of the 'soft' energy path (based on conservation and renewable sources), as opposed to the `hard' path (fossil fuels and nuclear).

Item #d93jan11

Special issue: "Rational Use of Energy in Urban Regeneration--Watt Committee on Energy Report," Appl. Energy, 43, 1992. (Elsevier Sci. Publishers)

Consists of twelve chapters based on papers presented at a March 1990 conference in Cardiff, U.K.

Item #d93jan12

Three items from Energy Policy, 20(9), Sep. 1992:

"Renewable Energy--Summary Paper for the Renewable Series," T. Jackson (7 Greenhill's Rents, London EC1M 6BN, UK), 861-883. The guest editor for the series draws together main conclusions of the 25 papers published since January 1991 in this journal, and assesses the prospects for significant contributions by renewable energy to the future world energy supply.

"Combined Heat and Power [CHP]: A Real Alternative When Carefully Implemented," A. Verbruggen (Univ. Antwerp, UFSIA, Prinsstr. 13, B-2000 Antwerp, Belg.), 884-892. This first in a series of papers on CHP or cogeneration discusses technological, economic and policy-related issues.

"CHP Development: Impacts of Energy Markets and Government Policies," E. Unterwurzacher (Economist, Europ. Bank Reconstruc. & Devel.), 893-900. Analyzes the historical development of district heating and CHP production by public utilities and private industry in the OECD countries, and the renewed interest sparked by climate change concerns.

Item #d93jan13

Two items from Nuclear Eng. & Design, 136(1-2), Aug. 1992:

"Global Warming and Nuclear Power," D. Bodansky (Dept. Phys., Univ. Washington, Seattle WA 98195), 7-15. Standardized reactors of small or medium size may enhance the prospects for a nuclear renaissance in industrialized countries; they may also be well matched to the needs of developing countries.

"CO2 and the World Energy System: The Role of Nuclear Power," W. Fulkerson (Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831), J.E. Jones, 23-28. Discusses the essential elements of a needed nuclear power world enterprise, which would be socially acceptable and would complement other nonfossil sources. Institutional improvements are as important as technological ones.

Item #d93jan14

"Fuel Efficiency in the UK Vehicle Stock," S. Sorrell (Environ. Prog., Sci. Policy Res. Unit, Mantell Bldg., Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RF, UK), Energy Policy, 20(8), 766-780, Aug. 1992.

Interest in fuel efficiency has been revived by global warming concerns. Recent U.K. trends are analyzed, distinguishing between effects of technical improvements and of shifts in car model availability and consumer purchasing patterns.

Item #d93jan15

"Energy, Efficiency and the Environment: The Three Big Es of Transportation," K.J. Springer (SW Res. Inst., San Antonio TX 78228), J. Eng. for Gas Turbines & Power--Trans. ASME, 114(3), 445-458, July 1992. From a lecture relating recent events to these issues, which also examines where the U.S. is headed in terms of near- and long-term controls (such as CAFE standards) related to greenhouse warming.

Item #d93jan16

Special issues: "The First 50 Years of Nuclear Power: Legacy and Lessons," Energy Policy, 20(7 and 8), July and Aug., 1992. (Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd.) Consists of 17 papers in two installments.

Item #d93jan17

Comment: "The Way To Cut Global Warming," The Chem. Engineer, p. 3, June 25, 1992. Coal will remain vital as one of the energy solutions to global warming; governments should reward energy conservation and encourage clean coal technologies.

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