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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d93dec1

"Environmental Refuges in a Globally Warmed World: Estimating the Scope of What Could Well Become a Prominent International Phenomenon," N. Myers (c/o World Wildlife Fund, POB 4866, Hampden P.O., Baltimore MD 21211), BioScience, 43(11), 752-761, Dec. 1993.

A preliminary analysis intended to stimulate debate and further assessment on the possibility that global warming could increase by several times or more the present number of environmental refugees, estimated to be at least 10 million. Examines impacts of sea level rise in Bangladesh, Egypt, China, India and several island states, and agricultural impacts in semi-arid regions. Concludes that environmental refugees are likely to become a prominent feature with global warming.

Item #d93dec2

Three items from Clim. Change, 25(1), Sep. 1993:

"Climate--Change or Variation? An Editorial," 1-13. Reviews definitions of several terms used to discuss climate change, emphasizing the difficulties that may arise through their improper use, particularly in a political or socio-economic context. Suggests an internally consistent framework for defining terms that is reasonably consistent with current usage.

"National Greenhouse Gas Accounts: Current Anthropogenic Sources and Sinks," S. Subak (Stockholm Environ. Inst., 177 River St., Cambridge MA 02139), P. Raskin, D. Von Hippel, 15-58. Provides estimates for major anthropogenic sources of CO, CH4, N2O, CO2 and 10 halocarbons. Includes a new estimate of emissions from fossil fuels based principally on data from the International Energy Agency.

Correspondence on the hypothesis that surface warming is being temporarily masked while the oceans take up heat, and important implications for the debate over global warming, 85-90.

Item #d93dec3

Three brief comments in Environ. Sci. Technol., 27(12), Nov. 1993:

"The Right Climate for OECD Carbon Taxes?" R.C. Dower, 2265.

"Europe Plans Integrated Approach to Pollution Control," P. Goldsmith, 2266.

"How Can Renewable Energy Deliver?" J. Rose, 2267.

Item #d93dec4

Climate, Greenhouse Warming, and the Quality of Life," A. Perry (Dept. Geog., Univ. College, Singleton Pk., Swansea, W. Glamorgan SA2 8PP, UK), Prog. Phys. Geog., 17(3), 354-358, Sep. 1993.

A geographer first reviews how present climate has been used as an objective environmental variable in quality of life studies, then concludes that the implications of climate change for both environmental quality and quality of life are considerable.

Item #d93dec5

"Global Warming and the Internal Energy Market--Policy Integration or Polarization," U. Collier (Div. Environ. Sci., Univ. Hertfordshire, College Ln., Hatfield, Herts AL10 9AB, UK), Energy Policy, 21(9), 915-925, Sep. 1993.

Examines the extent to which the European Community is integrating energy and environmental policy, finding that to date, adjustments have been made essentially at the margin, resulting in policy tensions.

Item #d93dec6

Two items from Intl. Environ. Affairs, 5(1), Winter 1993:

"The History of Germany's Response to Climate Change," J. Cavender (JFK Sch. Govt., Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA 02138), J. J├Ąger, 3-18. Traces the history of the debate in Germany in the last 50 years and the roles of scientists, government, industry, non-governmental organizations and the media.

"Green Consciousness or Dollar Diplomacy? The British Response to the Threat of Ozone Depletion," J.H. Maxwell (Ctr. Technol. Policy & Industrial Develop., Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), S.L. Weiner, 19-41. This detailed, well-referenced review of the British experience suggests that the Montreal Protocol succeeded because of the concordance of certain scientific, technical and economic developments, circumstances which do not necessarily apply to other concerns such as global warming.

Item #d93dec7

Special issue: "Terrestrial Biospheric Carbon Fluxes: Quantification of Sinks and Sources of CO2," J. Wisniewski, R.N. Sampson, Eds., Water, Air, Soil Pollut., 70(1-4), Oct. 1993 (Kluwer Acad. Pubs.). Consists of a workshop summary and 44 refereed papers from an international workshop (Bad Harzburg, Ger., Mar. 1993) which assessed present and future carbon fluxes, emphasizing the potential for improving sinks and managing long-term carbon sequestration. Because of this emphasis, many of the papers are of general interest, covering topics such as carbon offset projects, the relationship between the science understanding and practice, and options for various nations.

Item #d93dec8

Special issue: "Desertification after the UNCED, Rio 1992," GeoJournal, 31(1), Sep. 1993 (Kluwer). Consists of 13 papers relating to the human dimensions, the global setting, implications for society and natural resource management, and other topics.

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