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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
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Item #d93apr23

"Storage and Transport of Solar Energy on a Massive Scale: The Hydrogen Option," H.K. Abdel-Aal (Dept. Chem. Eng., King Fahd Univ., Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia), Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 17(11), 875-882, Nov. 1992.

Presents a technical evaluation of three alternative options for converting solar energy to hydrogen. Reports experimental findings using one of the options: photovoltaic electrolysis. Gives criteria for selecting locations for hydrogen production on a massive scale in some parts of the Arab world.

Item #d93apr24

"The Contribution of Hydrogen in the Development of Renewable Energy Sources," J. Nitsch (DLR--Ger. Aerospace Res., Pfaffenwaskring 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80, Ger.), H. Klaiss, J. Meyer, ibid., 17(8), 651-663, Aug. 1992.

Two technological assessments carried out for German Parliament commissions show the role of hydrogen in surmounting limits to the use of renewable resources on a large scale. Compares solar electricity and solar hydrogen systems for Central Europe, Southern Europe and North Africa, and evaluates hydrogen systems for various mixes of energy sources in Germany. Lays out the evolution of a solar hydrogen energy system starting from Germany's present energy infrastructure.

Item #d93apr25

Two items from ibid., 17(7), July 1992:

"Efficiency and CO2 Emission Analysis of Pathways by Which Methane Can Provide Transportation Services," P. Crane (Dept. Mech. Eng., Univ. Victoria, Victoria BC V8W 3Y6, Can.), D.S. Scott, 543-550.

Proposes six candidate pathways by which transportation energy can be provided from methane, and compares them with the use of gasoline. A surprising result is that the methanol spark ignition pathway is least efficient and produces the greatest amount of CO2; hydrogen and fuel cell pathways are optimal using the chosen criteria.

"On the Concept of Transition Period in Hydrogen Energy Development," A.R. Brun-Tsekhovoi (Inst. Petrochem. Synthesis, Acad. Sci., Leninsky Prospekt 29, Moscow, Russia), 555-556. Proposes the creation of a small number of large capacity hydrogen plants, with facilities for CO2 storage nearby and systems for distributing hydrogen.

Item #d93apr26

"Hydrogen: The Wonder Fuel," T.N. Veziroglu (Clean Energy Res. Inst., Univ. Miami, Coral Gables FL 33124), F. Barbir, ibid., 17(8), 391-404, June 1992. Summarizes criteria for renewable, environmentally compatible energy sources, and ranks available candidates, finding hydrogen to clearly be the best choice.

Item #d93apr27

"Effective Costs of the Future Energy Systems," F. Barbir (addr. above), T.N. Veziroglu, ibid., 17(4), 299-308, Apr. 1992.

Compares the fuels most considered for the post-petroleum/natural gas era--gaseous and liquid hydrogen, coal, and coal-derived synthetic fossil fuels--on the basis of production cost, external costs and utilization efficiencies. Concludes that hydrogen is the most cost-effective and environmentally compatible.

Item #d93apr28

"Pollution Solution/Revisited," R.M. Zweig (2936 McAllister St., Riverside CA 92503), ibid., 17(3), 219-225, Mar. 1992.

Reviews direct and indirect world human health costs of fossil fuel combustion, concluding that rapid transition to a hydrogen economy would eliminate these costs and enhance human health.

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